The Black Sea is an intercontinental sea between South-astern Europe and Asia Minor. It is one of the most isolated seas of the World Ocean. It is connected to the Mediterranean sea through the Bosporus, the Sea of Marmara and the Dardanelles, and the Sea of Azov – through the Kerch Strait. The Black Sea is 420 000 sq. km in size, and has a maximum depth of 2245 meters.
Due to the heavy influx of fresh river water, the water of the Black Sea is almost half less salty than the Mediterranean water and that of the world ocean.
The colour of the water in the sea is blue to greenish blue, but because of the shades along the coast, the sea is dark green. The name is supposedly derived from this.
An interesting fact about the Black Sea is that the water level always remains the same. Due to the absence of any high or low tide, there are no fluctuations in the water level, which makes it calm and serene.
The length of the coastline is 354 km, of which 200 km are vast beaches covered with fine golden sand.
History of the Black Sea
In ancient times the sea was called Pontos Euxeinus. There passed one of the branches of the medieval Silk Road connecting Europe through the Caucasus and Central Asia with China. Today in this direction goes the route of the transcontinental transport corridor TRACECA (Transport Corridor Europe – Caucasus – Asia).
One possible hypothesis for the origin of the Black Sea states that about 7-8 thousand years ago it was a freshwater endorheic basin. Its coasts were located about a hundred meters below the sea level. At the end of the last ice age, the sea levels rose sharply and for a short time hundreds of thousands of square kilometres, which had already been inhabited by people, were flooded. Perhaps this fact was the basis of the myth of Noah and the flood.
Protected coastal areas
All along the Black Sea coast there are two natural parks, 12 reserves and many protected areas. Some of them are: Strandja Nature Park, where you can see the oldest reserve in Bulgaria – Silkosia; The estuary of the Veleka; Kamchiya; Silistar; Ropotamo and Cape Kaliakra reserves, the protected areas of Irakli, Pasha Dere and others.
Each of them has an unique biodiversity and natural attractions. These areas are an extremely valuable resource for the country and the region.
Tourism at the seaside
The Black Sea is a very popular holiday choice for tourists throughout the year. With its incredible destinations that include six countries and the proximity of the Mediterranean Sea, it is a preferred choice for people who want to enjoy a relaxed holiday or trip of a high quality.
A typical summer on the Bulgarian Black Sea coast is relatively warm, and winter is mild. This makes it a remarkable place for relaxing.
Bulgarian Black Sea resorts are known worldwide thanks to the incredible landscapes that provide enjoyment of thousands of lovers of the sea. The bright sun and endless golden sand beaches with transparent waters make a summer vacation an unforgettable experience.
Another major advantage of the Black Sea countries is the recreational importance of the Black Sea. A huge number of tourists visit the resorts every year. Along the coastline, there are also mineral springs, and the combination of these natural resources has led to the popularity of tourism that combines visits to spa, balneological centres, and wellness resorts with sea holidays.